While doing research for my previous article on the subject of diabetes, I found too much information for just one article. This second article will be concerning the risk factors and possible warning signs of diabetes. Also included is information on the glycemic index and low glycemic foods. The information I have provided is a compilation from the American Diabetes Association website, WebMD and other websites. This article is strictly for information purposes only. If you believe you are developing diabetes or any medical condition, please call your health care provider.
According to the Defeat Diabetes Foundation website, some of the risk factors for diabetes are:
- Family history of diabetes
- Age over 45
- Gestational diabetes or baby weighing more than 9lbs. at birth
- High blood pressure
- Certain nationalities are higher risk
- African American
- Native American
- Asian American
- Hispanic American
Latino or Pacific Islander
Warning signs for Type 1 diabetes are
- Frequent urination
- Excessive thirst
- Rapid weight loss
- Tiredness and weakness (fatigue)
- Mood changes and irritability
Nausea, vomiting or stomach pain may be included in the symptoms in the case of sudden insulin dependent diabetes. In this instance, it is very import that you seek immediate medical care.
Warning signs for Type 2 diabetes are:
- Blurred vision
- Tingling or numbness in the fingers, feet or legs
- Frequent or recurring infections such as in the gums, skin or urinary tract
- Itching of the skin
- Slow healing of cuts or bruises
- Any of the Type 1 diabetes symptoms
To receive a free screening test for diabetes you can write, fax or send an e-mail to the Defeat Diabetes Foundation. 150 153rd Avenue, Suite 300, Maderia Beach, FL 33708.
The fax number is 727.398.2144 and e-mail address is: EmailSscreeningTest@DefeatDiabetes.org.
Please include your name, address and telephone number.
What is the Glycemic Index? The glycemic index measures how fast a food raises your blood sugar. It rates how quickly carbohydrates (carbs) turn into sugar. Carbohydrates , with the exception of fiber and some sugar alcohol all turn into blood sugar. Some convert more quickly than others. That is the key to preventing blood sugar spikes. The glycemic index tells what percentage of carbs convert into sugar within the first two hours after eating. For example, a bagel is rated 72 on the index. That means that 72 percent of the carbs in the bagel will turn into sugar within 2 hours of a meal. Oatmeal, on the other hand, is rated at only 49. The lower the number, the slower the carb turns into glucose. Low glycemic index foods make the blood sugar rise more slowly. Below is a list of low glycemic index food called diabetes “super foods”.
- Beans provide 1/3 of the RDA* of fiber and are high in potassium in just ½ cup
- Citrus fruits are high in fiber and vitamin c
- Sweet potatoes provide vitamin A, fiber and are high in potassium
- Green, leafy vegetables provide Vitamin A & C. Also low in calories and carbs.
- Berries are full of antioxidants, vitamin C and fiber
- Tomatoes are high in vitamin C, iron and E
- Fish is high in omega-3 fatty acids. Recommended amount is 6 – 9 servings per week
- Whole grains contain magnesium, chromium, and omega-3 and foliate. Also high in fiber.
- Nuts (legumes) 1 ounce provides healthy fats and fiber.
- Fat-free milk and yogurt provide proteins
*Recommended daily allowance
My next diabetes article will include a few “sugar-free” alternatives and converted recipes to be more diabetic-friendly. It is my wish that these articles inspire you to take better care of your health; especially if you are a diabetic. Take it from me; the consequences of un-controlled blood sugar are very serious.