Iraq will pay Kuwait an additional $1.02 billion in reparations for damages resulting from its 1990 invasion of the country, the United Nations announced Thursday in an emailed news release.
The latest round of payments brings the total Iraq has paid to $36.4 billion, the UN said. The money went to individuals, corporations, government agencies and international organizations.
Technically, the bills are being paid by the UN Compensation Fund, and are financed by a levy on revenue generated by Iraqi petroleum exports.
The UN Security Council ruled in 1991 that “”Iraq . . . is liable under international law for any direct loss, damage, including environmental damage and the depletion of natural resources, or injury to foreign Governments, nationals and corporations, as a result of Iraq’s unlawful invasion and occupation of Kuwait.”
The claims are divided into six classes:
- claims submitted by individuals who had to depart from Kuwait or Iraq between the date of Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait on 2 August 1990 and the date of the cease-fire, 2 March 1991;
- claims submitted by individuals who suffered serious personal injury or whose spouse, child or parent died as a result of Iraq’s invasion and occupation of Kuwait. Compensation for successful claims in this category was set at US$2,500 for individuals and up to US$10,000 for families;
- individual claims for damages up to $100,000 each in 21 different types of losses;
- individual claims for damages above US$100,000 each;
- claims of corporations, other private legal entities and public sector enterprises; and
- claims are claims filed by Governments and international organizations for losses incurred in evacuating citizens; providing relief to citizens; damage to diplomatic premises and loss of, and damage to, other government property; and damage to the environment.
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