Most women dedicate all their energy, effort, and mind to their families’ happiness. They give their families so much that they are a like a natural spring that flows with love to everyone around them. For these reasons and more, Islam initiated women rights more than 1400 years ago in Makah and its surrounding cities in the Middle East. In this part of the world, women’s rights were abolished before the coming of Islam. Many fathers buried their daughters alive in fear shame if their daughters do anything that contradicted their traditions or to avoid the possible dishonor if their daughters were raped in a tribal war, which took place quite often during that time. During that time, if they did not kill a girl at birth, they closely monitored her behavior as she grew up. If she got involved in a relationship with a man out of marriage, the daughter was immediately killed by her family even if the story is based on hearsay without evidence. Islam forbade the killing of baby girls and forbade the killing of unmarried women who commit the sin of sex outside of marriage. After Islam, both the Muslim woman and the man who committed the sin of sex outside of marriage were punished. Both should be hit by 100 whip lashes; however, four mentally healthy wise and unbiased witnesses must see the sin being committed for this punishment to take place. Islam maintained the same rules of the Torah (Jewish Holy book) regarding the stoning to death of married women if they commit adultery; however, Islam added that also the man should be punished by stoning. Again, four people must witness the actual sin occur. If a person lie and say that he suspected that this sin took place and spoke up about it without having four witnesses who actually saw this sin, this person in Islamic law should be punished by 80 whip lashes. The two suspect sinners should never be punished without the four witnesses.
During that time, only men had the right to inherit their families’ money. After Islam, women were allowed to inherit her family’s wealth. Before Islam, men used to buy and sell women slaves as they bought and sold sheep. Islam is against slavery.
Islam clarified marriage relationships, and it forbade the marriage of any man to his mother, sister, niece, stepmother, daughter, stepdaughter, mother in law, aunt, or sister in breastfeeding. Similarly, Islam forbade a woman from marrying her father, brother, stepfather, uncle, father in law, Stepson, and brother in breastfeeding. Additionally, women gained the right to get a divorce. They were allowed the right of keeping custody of their children in their houses and receiving child support. Men became obligated to pay his wife’s support if she is pregnant or lactating mother after divorce.
Islam gave women the right of ownership; and they became allowed to own houses, lands, and they became able to use their money in trades and markets. Currently, women in most Islamic countries have more rights such as education, working, voting, and some of the have high authority positions. Shagaret El Dorr was a queen of Egypt during the Islamic civilization.
These days some women use ultrasound to find out the gender of the embryo; and if it is a female embryo, they abort the fetus, which is forbidden in Islam. Some drug dealers use women as female slaves in their daily activities. Additionally, many girls complain from sexual abuse from family members such as stepfather.
Islam honors mothers, encourages love and good relationship between the wife and her husband, recommends strong family bonds, and orders equality in caring for daughters and sons.